Greece and Secondary States (using eHRAF database

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Project Title:

Greece and Secondary States (using eHRAF database

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Project Type:





10/29/2020 3:53:54 PM

Due Date:

11/09/2020 23:59



Number Of Pages:

5     Double-spaced (1500 words)

Number Of Sources:


Type of Document:

Research Paper

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Solution Files(s):



This is a very specific, detail orientated paper that you must have access to the eHRAF database for! eHRAF Archaeology Paper: Greece and Secondary StatesThe last assignment is to use the library’s eHRAF Archaeology database. You go to the main library home page. Type in “eHRAF archaeology.” Click on online access and then click on the link provided. Your will get the Home Page for eHRAF Archaeology. You should open the “Browse Traditions” menu, to access the tradition you want to compare to Greece. You will end up looking at paragraphs in the Tradition Summary or accessing paragraphs specific to your topic to read brief extracts to answer a question. Background: Ancient Greece was a secondary state society. Anthropologists believe that there are 15 features that characterize all ancient state societies. Here are the 15 features: 1. Ceramic production Use “Ceramic Technology” 2. Presence of domesticates Use “Domesticated Animals OR Tillage” 3. Sedentarism Use “Settlement Patterns” 4. Inegalitarian (status or wealth differences) Use “Classes” 5. Density > 1 person per 2.6 sq km (1 sq mi) Use “Population” 6. Reliance on food production Use “Diet”; “Tillage” 7. Villages > 100 persons Use “Community Structure” 8. Metal production Use “Metallurgy” 9. Social classes present Use “Classes” 10. Towns > 400 persons Use “Settlements”; “Towns” 11. State (3+ levels of hierarchy) Use “Territorial Hierarchy” 12. Density > 25 persons per 2.6 sq km (1 sq mi) Use “Population” 13. Wheeled transport Use “Vehicles” 14. Writing of any kind Use “Writing” 15. Money of any kind Use “Medium of Exchange” A last feature added is: 16. Enforcement of law by police or military forces. Your task is two-fold: 1) pick two of the 16 features and look at course materials (especially your textbook) to satisfy yourself that the feature can correctly be attributed to the Ancient Greek state. Then 2) pick ONE of the listed traditions which is, like Greece, a secondary state-level society, and research the two features you have chosen to see if they are present in the other culture. Compare how the two features appear in your “target” culture to how they appear in ancient Greek culture. Draw some conclusion about how the chosen features work in a secondary-state culture. The paper must be at least 5 pages, double-spaced, 12 point font, 1 inch margins. For citations, you may just use the name of the author and page number of the source you use in eHRAF archaeology. You are free to use outside resources if you choose. Please add a reference. Format of references is open, but the one test is that someone else has to be able to find the source you use. Here are the secondary states in the eHRAF Archaeology collection. (They are confined to Mexico and South America):Central Mexico Postclassic NU93 West Mexico Postclassic NU 76 Chimu SE75 Inka SE80 Going to the eHRAF Archaeology Database, first find the tradition you have selected under Browse Traditions. Then, open the “Tradition Summary” underneath the name. In that summary, you may be able to find all 16 of the features and determine if they apply to your chosen society. You may also need to do an Advanced Keyword search putting in the tradition and then a keyword such as for number 15 “money” and initiating a search (put an asterisk after the term so that it will search plurals other forms of the word). In Advanced Search a keyword such as “money” may find you what you want, but for many subjects the author might use different words and therefore information you are looking for will not be found. HRAF staff have identified subjects in each paragraph, so using these subject categories may be more useful. Suggested subjects to put in “Add Subjects” are in the chart above. Once you ask for a search, the system will give you paragraphs from archaeological reports addressing the keyword or subjects in the tradition you choose. Applying what you have learned about the features of the Ancient Greek state-level society, discuss whether the secondary state comparative tradition you have chosen possesses the same features as Greece and if there are any significant differences or omissions. Conclude by discussing whether or not you think Ancient Greece seems to be like other secondary states in terms of its societal features. Note that it is important not to try to search for all the attributes at once. eHRAF searches by paragraph, not by document so it is unlikely that more than one attribute will be discussed in any one paragraph. This paper will be worth 15% of final grade. It will be run through Turnitin prior to grading.

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